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Class D 80 meter rig progressing




 
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N4LTA
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« on: August 25, 2019, 12:29:37 PM »

Made some progress this weekend on my Class D system. I completed the low voltage poeer supply, a second PWM generator and a large capacitor board for the main power supply.

The cap board has 14000uF at 250 volts worth of filtering. I plan on regulating the output at 150 volts.

Here are a few pictures:

The PWM board based on Steve's circuit

The low voltage power supply board and power transformer. Toroidal power with regulated +12, -12 and +5 volt output plus raw +20 and -20 volts

Test board for four SiC  MosFETS



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N4LTA
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« Reply #1 on: August 25, 2019, 10:35:08 PM »

I got the drivers, the bypass caps and the four MOSFET mounted tonight. Anyone see anything wrong that jumps out?

The drivers are tedious to mount but they all seem to be installed without shorts as tested with a ohmeter.

Also tested the PWM generator and it is working well.

Next I need to build the audio Pre PWM filter. I have a board and hope to build it tomorrow.

I ordered a Hammond 7 inch rack panel and enclosure  to house the complete PWM system. It will probably need some steel structure addition to handle the 35 pound
toroidal power transformer. It is overkill for sure at 1400 VA.

Thanks for looking and comments are appreciated.

Pat


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N4LTA
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« Reply #2 on: August 27, 2019, 03:28:45 PM »

Tested the UCC 2501 Modulator board last night and it is working fine. Frequency was 151 KHz

Layed out an audio processor board using Steve's design as a guide with phase select and a negative peak limiter and a 7.5 KHz filter

Also made another bipolar power supply board. Plotted the boards this morning and just finished etching them. Will drill and stuff them tonight.

I plan on using a larger Hnmmond rack enclosure for the big power supply and PWM generator and driver  and then using a smaller 3" rack enclosure for the compressor and audio chain.

Thanks for looking

Boards about half etched in H2O2 and hydrochloric acid (Muriatic acid)


Pat
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vk3alk
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« Reply #3 on: August 27, 2019, 07:46:45 PM »

All looks good and things moving along nicely  Smiley

For the PWM are you using Steves output design ( Class D ) or a half bridge like Nigels.....
Have you thought about the LPF yet and the material to use....


Wayne
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N4LTA
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« Reply #4 on: August 27, 2019, 08:19:02 PM »

Wayne,

I plan to use a half bridge. I haven't designed the filter yet, but I have quite a few cores from my past 500 Khz work. My voltage will be higher so it will require
a different filter. I will be  closer to Nigel's  output stage because my RF stages will be with SiC and GaN devices run at higher voltage and less  current.

I am shooting for 300 watts carrier  on 80 meters with four SiC Mosfets. Not having done PWM AM modulation before - I am experimenting. Never having built any PWM system I am learning and having a good time. I'll let the smoke out of some Mosfets for sure.

BTW - TI has a nice 500 KHz discrete PWM generator made for class D audio. will be easy to drop it to 150 KHz  or so and it should adapt well for AM modulation.

The offer full design notes and full double sided PC Board Gerber files. I ordered ten boards from Seeed  Studio for $4.17 pus $13 shipping from China. I have used them before and they do a good job. If anyone wants a board, let me know and I'll send you one or two. We will see how they turn out, but  the last ones they made were nice boards.


Pat
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« Reply #5 on: August 27, 2019, 09:29:34 PM »

What's the chip number?  I'm interested.

--Shane
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N4LTA
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« Reply #6 on: August 27, 2019, 09:55:00 PM »

Look Here

http://www.ti.com/tool/TIPD108

Uses a SMT op/amp and a rail to rail comparator and a voltage reference source

Samples are available for the op/amp and possibly the comparator.

Pat
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N4LTA
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« Reply #7 on: September 06, 2019, 01:15:35 PM »

The analog discrete PWM boards came today. I don't see how they do it. Extremely high quality boards. Cost about $4 and chang3 for ten boards.  Shipping was a little over $12

Took a little over a week - As I said - If anyone want to experiment - I'll send you one.


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N4LTA
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« Reply #8 on: September 11, 2019, 09:46:12 AM »

Finished the PWM generator for the PWM power supply. This is the final circuit board. I added a couple of voltage regulators and RCA type connectors to make hookup easier. The board can run off 9-20 volts now.



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N4LTA
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« Reply #9 on: September 15, 2019, 12:01:27 PM »

Got the enclosure assembled and am ready to punch the front panel for the controls and three meters. The filter cap board has ten  1800 uF 250 volt capacitors. The PWM boar, and the low voltage power supply board are ready. I may or may not rework the power driver board for T0220 FETs to use a more modern MOSFET with higher currrent rating.. I also need to pick a heatsink.
With a newer 60 amp set of MOSFETS, it probably won't need to be large. If I redo the board, I can put a RCA jack on the board to make it plugable to allow changing to a different PWM board for experimenting.

The transformer is reduced to a 800 VA one to reduce the weight. Should still be plenty to do more than the legal limit. Output votage from the high voltage supply will be 150 volts regulated.

Hope to do the meter punching this afternoon - ugh!


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vk3alk
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« Reply #10 on: September 24, 2019, 11:22:54 PM »

Hi Pat...

Wonder what stage your up to now....?

Have been playing around with a CMCD 75M Transmitter and seems to be more or less in the ball park....
If you cannot get Nigel's TX to work this might be worth a try....
Made it only using 2 FETs but 4 or more shouldn't be a problem....

The photos show the testing only at low power levels but run it up to 150Watts for appox 30 minutes into a dummy load .... the FETs temperature got to 38 degrees C ( not sure what that is in F )....
The efficiency is just over 90% post filter but probably with a little more jiggling could go a little higher but as its only an experiment will leave it at that...
Might wind the Transformer using coax just to see if I can squeeze a little more though... Roll Eyes

The Class E looking waveforms are at the Drains of the FETs......


Wayne


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N4LTA
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« Reply #11 on: September 26, 2019, 10:17:11 AM »

Looks good Wayne. I am interested in the design.

I am putting the PWM boards in a Rack Mount enclosure and have spent the last week waiting on a punch for the meters. I got it yesterday so I will spend some of the weekend metalworking.

Meters are always fun to mount! Getting the hole is one thing and matching up the 4 mounting studs is even more fun. I also have to punch or some other way cut the rectangular power cord entry on the back. File work most likely.  Waiting for a illuminated toggle switch from Mouser also. Should be here today.

I backed down a bit on the power supply and am using a 600VA transformer rather than the HEAVY 1500 VA.  It fits the enclosure better and should have no problem at 350-400 Watt output. It is good for 15-20% more per the specs. I doubt I ever push more than 400 Watts.

I finished one of the TI boards with the 06 type SMT resistor and caps. Went to the eye doctor yesterday to see if I needed new glasses. That is definately as small as I want to go.
I had a special pair of reading glasses made. My eyes are so weird that I can use the drugstore ones.

I have a good friend who bought a 3CX1200 and socket as a initial special for hams by Eimac. He had it for years and I got it. So that may be another project. I am barefoot on HF. I have a nice 3600 volt power supply that I used with a 4-1000 160 meter amp and a 4CX1500 6 meter amp years ago.

I'll post some pictures later this weekend.


Pat
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N4LTA
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« Reply #12 on: September 26, 2019, 05:48:08 PM »

Decided to go ahead and punch the three meter holes this afternoon. First my 3/4" punch got a slug of 1/8" aluminum stuck in it. The meter punches themselves
require a 3/4" hole for the drive stud. Not getting it loose, I used a 7/8" punch to finish.

Them my really stupid mechanical stunt for the day. I had a 2 1/8 in punch that was just a bit two small. I bought a 2 1/4 greenlee and it arrived today.

After the 3/4 and the one 7/8" holes were done I popped in the big punch and quickly had three large meter holes. I grabbed a meter to test fit and  Uh O I used the wrong punch!

Believe it or nor  I was able to enlarge the hole with the new punch reasonable accurately - not as well as I had planned though. Meter placement is all that good.


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Patrick J. / KD5OEI
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« Reply #13 on: September 26, 2019, 07:37:28 PM »

If the hole that looks lower were elongated upward, would the bottom of the meter still cover the bottom of the hole?
If so, can you beat flat the slug that came from that hole, enlargen the center hole in it, and put it in the panel hole?
Then put the punch in, offset to it elongates the hole enough?
Placing the panel on a 1" thick wood surface with a generous cutout for the punch and clamping it well.
Then punch the elongation!
Only will have one chance to do that.  Otherwise a new panel. It's only 1/8".
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N4LTA
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« Reply #14 on: September 26, 2019, 10:23:36 PM »

I ended up using a file and got it OK looking. All that planning ruined by being stupid!

Not The first time!

Pat
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« Reply #15 on: October 13, 2019, 03:45:34 PM »

Getting some more metal work done.  Have to add the keying relay. It is due this week. Need to test the voltage on the supply and at no load and design a series MOSFET regulator. I have the PC Board done. Also to wire the Cap board and the low voltage supply board. The bridge is mounted on a small heatsink. Probably didn't need it as the full supply current is about 5 amps.


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« Reply #16 on: October 14, 2019, 05:39:52 PM »

 Got the enclosure pieces all back together and etched the voltage regulator board. Waiting for a 10 amp power switch and a couple of relays that should show up Wednesday.

Will build the voltage regulator board tonight.


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« Reply #17 on: October 14, 2019, 10:21:23 PM »

Hi Pat...

Everything seems to be coming along well.....

Is your TX going to be in another box ?
Have you decided on what materials you will use in your PWM LPF yet....?.
Have tried 3 different types and can detail those if you like....
Might be best to build the transmitter first and see what load it places on the modulator and then design the Filter for whatever it is like 6 ohms / 12 ohms etc:
With the TX are you going to try Nigels ..... has he sent you any details at all as he seems to be quiet at the moment....
Hope all is OK with him.......

Are currently building another 160M TX .... all the modules are built and tested and are building the case just like you so might upload some photos for interest sake....

Sounds like your regulator is just a regulator  Undecided
Can send you the circuit for the one I use which has variable output voltage and over current with SWR rollback which is a good safe guard really....
You could build that afterwards and install at a later date perhaps...


Thats enough...


Wayne

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N4LTA
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« Reply #18 on: Yesterday at 10:52:44 AM »

Thanks Wayne.

Right now I am trying for a simple regulator like Nigel describe on one of his projects. I hope to regulate a few volts above the PS voltage at full load, so that the power disappation on the pass Mosfet is reasonable. Thinking something like 3 volts with 4 amps or 12 Watts. When the transmitter is not running, current will drop and voltage will soar but the current will be low.
Regulation is not a good word for the circuit, it is really an anti voltage soaring circuit. That hopefully will get rid of the relays in older circuits. May not work and I may have to build a regulator with an error amp. The transmitter will go into another enclosure. I do have a board etched that I can do bench testing with.

The filters will probably be on larger toroid forms but I will have to see what the transmitter draws. I  have wondered if the really nice looking air core  speaker crossover coils would work well. Some are available with AWG 12 and 14 wire.

I would be very interested in your regulator and your experiences with PWM filter materials. Also in your 160 meter rig.

Pat
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